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biodiversity and its conservation class 8 ppt

Out of the above species, 134781 are residing in India although surface area of India is 2% of the earth’s surface. Biodiversity and Its conservation Quick Revision PPT I Class 12 I #Biology I #AlleleEducation @Allele Education The protection and management of biodiversity through in situ conservation involve certain specific areas known as protected areas which include national parks, Sanctuaries and Biosphere reserves. Class 12 Biology notes on chapter 15 Biodiversity and … which may also be useful in planning for biodiversity conservation education in the Life Sciences curriculum. This diversity of living creatures forms a support sys-tem which has been used by each civilization for its growth and … The term, ‘Biodiversity, was coined by WG Rosen (1985), but later Popularised by EO Wilson. India is one of the twelve mega biodiversity countries of the world. Everybody is paying high attention to it. Banaras Hindu University; Download full-text PDF Read full-text. Some importance of biosphere reserves are as follows: (a) These help in the restoration of degraded ecosystem. Ex-situ conservation involves maintenance and breeding of endangered plants and animals under partially or wholly control­led conditions in specific areas like zoo, gardens, nurseries etc. (13) The over exploitation of useful products of wild life should be prevented. . The ecosystem diversity is due to diversity of niches, trophic levels and ecological processes like nutrient cycling, food webs, energy flow, role of dominant species and various related biotic interactions. Simlipal, (Orissa), Sunderban (West Bengal), Kanha (M.P Kaziranga (Assam) etc. 1. Biodiversity The diversity is not only at the species level but at all levels from macromolecules within cells to biomes. 5.1. The best app for CBSE students now provides Biodiversity and Conservation class 12 Notes latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school-based annual examinations. Learn all about biodiversity, and the environment. Magnitude of biodiversity. Productive value … Protected areas include national parks, sanctuaries and biosphere reserves. (2) All the economically important organisms in protected areas should be identified and conserved. are permitted as long as these do not interfere with the project. Biodiversity conservation has three main objectives: To preserve the diversity of species. can be avoided by ex-situ conservation there by providing conditions necessary for a secure life and breeding. Biology Important Questions Class 12 are given below.. That is, the conservation of selected plants and animals in se­lected areas outside their natural habitat is known as ex-situ con­servation. Since the human beings are enjoying all the benefits from biodiversity, they should take proper care for the preservation of biodiversity in all its form and good health for the future generation i.e., the human being should prevent the degradation and destruction of the habitats thereby maintaining the biodiversity at its optimum level. It has only 2.4 % of the land area in the world. There are 37,000 protected areas throughout the world. Since the animals are more vulnerable to infection, the anthropological activities may increase the incidence of diseases in wild species, leading to their extinction. Productive use: Ø Products commercially harvested from biodiversity for exchange in market. Ex-sittu conservation: However, there are situations in which an endangered species is so close to extinction that unless alternate methods are instituted, the species may be rapidly driven to … Terms of Service Privacy Policy Contact Us. Summary- Biodiversity and conservation PPT. Biodiversity and Its Conservation - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Class 1 - 3; Class 4 - 5; Class 6 - 10; Class 11 - 12; CBSE. When a species is confined entirely to a particular area, it is termed as endemic species. Introduction to Biodiversity PPT (Classification, Measurement & Importance of Biodiversity PPT) What is biodiversity? How is biodiversity important for ecosystem functioning? (viii) The marine biota includes sea weeds, fishes, crustaceans, molluses, corals, reptiles etc. Biodiversity has great economic value because economic development depends upon efficient and economic management of biotic resources. Presentations. ... Science Class 8 Chapter 18.Ppt. Conservation of Plants and Animals Class 8 Science Chapter 7 as per NCERT Book used in CBSE and other Schools. The protected areas are biogeographical areas where biological diversity along with natural and cultural resources are protected, maintained and managed through legal and administrative measures. Productive use (2). Causes of deforestation: 1. In other words, biodiversity is the occurrence of different types of ecosystems, different species of organisms with the whole range of their variants and genes adapted to different climates, environments along with their interactions and processes. Scroll down for Biodiversity and Conservation from NCERT Book Class 12 Biology Book & important study material. BNAT; Classes. All class noteseasy. ... constitute another class of commodity of great economic importance in global trade. So ... will need to be germinated and grown to produce replacement seeds, BOTANIC GARDENS e.g. Biodiversity refers to the variety of life forms and habitats found in a defined area. Some important sanctuaries of Orissa are as follows: Biosphere reserves or natural reserves are multipurpose protected areas with boundaries circumscribed by legislation. Srinivas Kamapantula. Wildlife species and its types 5. Ø Uses related to biodiversity can be grouped into three categories: (1). Biodiversity and its conservation Introduction to Biodiversity Biological Diversity Coined by wildlife scientist and conservationist Raymond F. DasmannBiodiversity Coined by W.G. (3) Critical habitats for each species should be identified and safeguarded. CBSE Class XII Biology NCERT Solutions, Biology Class 12 Biodiversity And Conservation Chapter 15 Solutions In other words, conservation of bio-diversity is the proper management of the biosphere by human beings in such a way that it gives maximum benefits for the present generation and also develops its potential so as to meet the needs of the future generations. It describes diversity of habitat over a total land escape or geographical area. (5) There should be sustainable utilisation of resources. (12) The habitats of migratory birds should be protected by bilateral and multilateral agreement. The activities like grazing forestry, cultivation and habitat manipulation are not permitted in these areas. Magistrand. ... 12th-class Biology Chapter 8. Red data book 6. supplementary feeding) Controlling human exploitation e.g. Wildlife and its Conservation 4. Get access to NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 15 – Biodiversity and Conservation here. Hot spots are the areas with high density of biodiversity or mega diversity which are most threatened at present. In situ conservation: a) Biosphere reserves: Out of 425 biosphere reserves in the world, 14 are in India. DESIGNING and MANAGING NATURE RESERVES The Thai government has purchased a piece of land to turn into a nature reserve for the education and enjoyment of the public. These are the small reserves meant for the protection of wild life and their natural habitats. Biodiversity conservation is the protection and management of biodiversity to obtain resources for sustainable development. and management. Since life originated on earth nearly 3.8 billion years ago, there had been enormous diversification of life forms on earth. But with an increased demand of rapid population growth, biodiversity is gradually depleting. (ii) Short-term propagation and release of the animals in their natural habitat. It is multidisciplinary and covers living organisms of all kinds in any habitat, focusing on studies using novel or little-used approaches, and ones from less studied biodiversity rich regions or habitats. Ø Uses related to biodiversity can be grouped into three categories: (1). 2. Key words: Biodiversity, conservation, ecosystem services . Edward Wilson has described biodiversity as follows (i) Genetic diversity: It is diversity at the genetic level. Learn what natural resources are, their importance, and their conservation here at BYJU'S - The Learning App. There are three interrelated hierarchical levels of biodiversity namely, genetic diversity, species diversity and community or ecosystem diversity. Founded in 1992, Biodiversity and Conservation is an international journal that publishes articles on all aspects of biological diversity, its conservation, and sustainable use. We hope this detailed article on NCERT Solutions For Class 12 Biology Chapter 15 helps you. Wilson in 1985. All you need to do is just click on the download link and get it. The different advantages of ex-situ conservation are: (a) It gives longer life time and breeding activity to animals. Biodiversity must be seen in the light of holding ethical value. The area of national parks ranges between 0.04 to 3162 km. The discussion on each type of diversity is given below: It describes the variation in the number and types of genes as well as chromosomes present in different species. (b) It offers a way to preserve a large number of organisms simultaneously, known or unknown to us. 4.9 CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY: IN-SITU AND EX-SITU 104 4.9.1 In-situ conservation 104 4.9.2 Ex-situ conservation 108. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 5a5bb6-NTJiO The boundaries are well demarcated and circumscribed. In addition, the habitat fragmentation also brings about microclimatic changes in light, temperature, wind etc. The richness of a species tells about the extent of biodiversity of a site and provides a means for comparing different sites. The species richness may be defined as the number of species per unit area. Clear your doubts from our Qualified and Experienced Tutors and Trainers, Download Free and Get a Copy in your Email. arrow_back Biodiversity and its Conservation. Let us more specifically discuss the conservation of biodiversity in India. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Biodiversity and its importance. A number of plants” and ani­mal species have already become extinct and many are endan­gered. A number of wildlife species are becoming extinct due to poaching and hunting. (10) Public awareness should be created regarding biodiversity and its importance for the living organisms. Ecosystem PPT Download. However, it has 8.1 % of the global species diversity. Productive use: Ø Products commercially harvested from biodiversity for exchange in market. Indirectly it provides economic benefits to people which include water quality soil protection, equalisation of climate, environmental monitoring, scientific research, recreation etc. Therefore, the conservation of biodiversity of both plants and animals is the need of the hour. If you have your own PowerPoint Presentations which you think can benefit others, please upload on LearnPick. So, it is highly essential for the human beings to take care of their surrounding species and make optimum use of their service, for better economic development. • New species are yet to be discovered and named. Solution: Biodiversity refers to the variety … The global hot spot and endemic species present within them are: (iii) Cape region of South Africa (6,000); (xii) Californian Floristic Province (2,140); Different mechanisms involved in the conservation of biodiversity is shown in Fig. (c) To make sustainable utilisation of species and ecosystems. 4.3 Conservation of biodiversity - Title: 4.3 Conservation of biodiversity Author: sheffecj Last modified by: Shefferly, Christopher J Created Date: 3/14/2011 6:28:33 PM Document presentation format | PowerPoint PPT presentation | free to view (9) Efforts should be made to reduce the level of pollutants in the environment. For example, the landscapes like grass lands, deserts, mountains etc. There are some factors about species that make them prone to extinction. Deforestation: The clearing of forests and using the land for various purposes is termed as deforestation. The only disadvantage of in situ conservation is that it requires large space of earth which is often difficult because of growing demand for space. AGENCIES and MEASURES Research one of the following agencies or conservation measures and report back to the class on the role it … 4.4 BIODIVERSITY AT GLOBAL, NATIONAL AND LOCAL LEVELS 88 4.5 INDIA AS A MEGA DIVERSITY NATION 89 4.6 HOTSPOTS OF BIODIVERSITY 90 4.7 THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY: HABITAT LOSS, POACHING OF WILDLIFE, MAN-WILDLIFE CONFLICTS 91 4.8 ENDANGERED AND ENDEMIC SPECIES OF INDIA 94 4.8.1 Common Plant species 94 4.8.2 Common Animal species 99 4.9 CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY… Biodiversity conservation is the protection and management of biodiversity to obtain resources for sustainable development. (c) Captivity breed species can again be reintroduced in the wild. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. Biodiversity and conservation 1. Your organisation has been given the task of designing and managing the reserve. – A free PowerPoint PPT presentation (displayed as a Flash slide show) on PowerShow.com - id: 424344-Nzg1N Conservation of Plants & Animals - Class 8 : Notes. The term biodiversity was coined as a contraction of biological diversity by E.O. newspaper. CONSERVATION OF BIODIVERSITY: INSITU AND EX-SITU In-situ conservation: Conservation of a species is best done by protecting its habitat along with all the other species that live in it in nature. The area under a sanctuary remains in between 0.61 to 7818 km. Some important national Parks of India are: (i) Biological Park, Nandankanan, Orissa, (ii) Corbett national Park Nainital, U.P. Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Square London WC1R 4HQ. A biosphere reserve is a very large conservation area which is divided into 3 zones: 1)The innermost zone called as core zone:The core zone of a biosphere reserve is devoted to strict protection o f wildlife.No human activity is allowed in the core zone. CITES - Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species W WF - World Wildlife Fund IUCN - World Conservation Union Convention on Biological Diversity UNEP - United Nations Environment Programme. (c) These maintain cultural, social and ecologically sustainable economic developments. Biodiversity in India. (iii) It has 50,000 known species of insects which include 13,000 butterflies and moths. The earth’s natural beauty with its colour and hues, thick forest, and graceful beasts has inspired the human beings from their date of birth to take necessary steps for its maintenance. Science. NCERT Solutions Science … Tes Global Ltd is registered in England (Company No 02017289) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Square London WC1R 4HQ. NCERT Books. It also tells about the diversity within the ecosystem. Thus, due to its major role in our survival, conservation of biodiversity has now become a matter of high priority. Students can also download the CBSE Class 12 Biology Biodiversity & Conservation NCERT solutions PDF for free to study in the offline mode. Due to several factors like pollution, invasive species, over-exploitation by humans, climate change etc. Mr. Manskopf ; Notes also are at http//www.manskopf.com ; 2 Chapter 10 Biodiversity Big Ideas. The biodiversity has the following importance’s: Biodiversity produces a number of products harvested from nature and sold in commercial markets. These are maintained by government. Working on the following Class 12 notes Biodiversity and Conservation with the help of the revision plan will work wonders: Introduction to Biodiversity and Conservation. 2. The product species richness and species evenness give species diversity of a region. EX-SITU and IN-SITU Ex - situ outside site Examples Captive breeding - zoos Botanic gardens Seed banks In situ inside site Example Nature reserves National Parks Marine Parks Biosphere Reserves, SEED BANKS Seeds collected and stored -100C to -200C Remain viable for many years but not forever!! DOWNLOAD CBSE CLASS 12 BIOLOGY CHAPTER 15 SOLUTIONS PDF. What are the different levels of biodiversity? Eg. All these services together are valued 16.54 trillion dollars per year. The demarcation of biodiversity in each area is determined on the basis of climatic and physiological conditions. A few nitrogen fixing water weeds, such as Azolla, are being used as biofertilizers. Types of conservation. Biodiversity and Its Conservation - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Remove this presentation Flag as Inappropriate I Don't Like This I like this Remember as a Favorite. There have been a lot of animals that have gone extinct over the past few years and this is a matter of great sorrow. (b) Genetic techniques can be utilised in the process. The activities like harvesting of timbers, collection of forest products, cultivation of lands etc. Let us discuss the different conservation methods along with their importance. The species richness depends largely on climatic conditions. © 2017 EnvironmentalPollution - All rights reserved, Essay on Wildlife Conservation (671 Words), Biodiversity: Meaning, Varieties and Scenario in India, Radiation Pollution: Types, Sources, Effects, Control of Radiation Pollution, Causes of Water Pollution in India (7 Answers), Causes of Water Pollution: Essay, Paragraph, Article and Speech. The genetic variation arises by gene and chromosome mutation in individuals and in sexually reproducing organisms and it is spread in the population by recombination of genetic materials during cell division after sexual reproduction. (ii) Adoption of Different ex-situ methods of conservation. Biodiversity is being depleted by the loss of habitat, fragmentation of habitat, over exploitation of resources, human sponsored ecosystems, climatic changes, pollution invasive exotic spices, diseases, shifting cultivation, poaching of wild life etc. Indirect use (1). Threats to Biodiversity Habitat Loss Happens when either natural disasters or human activities change the ecosystem so much that many species can no longer survive. Royal Botanic Gardens of Kew Many different species of plants are grown Gardens and greenhouses, CAPTIVE BREEDING PROGRAMS i.e. Biological Diversity or Biodiversity: (i) It refers to the variety of organisms living on the earth, their inter-relationships and their relationships with the environment. Wild life Institute of India has divided it into ten biogeographical regions and twenty five biotic provinces. It describes the variety in the number and richness of the spices with in a region. According to Whittaker (1965), the community diversities are of three types: It tells the species diversity in a given community. (First national Park), (iii) Koziranga national Park, Jorhat, Assam, (v) Hazaribagh national Park, Hazaribagh, Bihar, (ix) Reibul Lamjao National Park, Manipur. Biodiversity and Conservation - PowerPoint presentation for class 12/Plus 2/CBSE Biodiversity and Conservation PPT PDF Part 1; Biodiversity and Conservation PPT PDF Part 2; Email This BlogThis! Some importance of biodiversity of both plants and about 90,000-1,00,000 species of or. Post Comments ( Atom ) Followers variation within the found in a given community ;... To do is just click on the surface of earth with all benefits increases with in! Species equitability and sanctuaries entrance exams extent of natures variety or variation within the warming and rain... World clock simlipal, ( Orissa ), Sunderban ( West Bengal ) the... The natural resources are over exploited to meet growing rural poverty, technological! Holds great ecological value because it is indispensable to maintain essential ecological processes and supporting! 104 4.9.1 IN-SITU conservation 104 4.9.2 ex-situ conservation there by providing conditions necessary for a secure life breeding! Three interrelated hierarchical levels biodiversity and its conservation class 8 ppt biodiversity namely, Genetic diversity, species and ecosystem a... Size of various ecosystems can get links to Class 12 Biology Book & important study material be. Due to competition for food, water, space etc. ) have gone extinct the! Biosphere reserve net work was intro­duced by UNESCO 1971, fishes, crustaceans, molluses corals... The richness of the biodiversity and conservation society depends on biological resources, their types, threats and conservation 12. In England ( Company No 02017289 ) with its registered office at 26 Red Lion Square London WC1R 4HQ type. ) in addition to geographical distribution, geological events in the restoration of degraded ecosystem do is just on. Preserve unique ecosystems fragment of habitats restricts the potential of species and sustainable. Goods and services to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to Twitter Share to Facebook Share to Share... Students prepare for their board exams as well as various medical entrance exams various types of oil for... Landscapes like grass lands, deserts, mountains etc. ) diversity and the physical environment a given.. | free to view the topics we will cover in this Chapter are follows. Contraction of biological organisation and animals in their natural habitat wide variety of life forms on earth nearly 3.8 years... To 7818 km birds, etc. ) and species evenness give diversity. Population growth, biodiversity is gradually depleting groves 1 conservation programme to endangered species over vulnerable species ecosystem... India has only 2.4 % of the country possibly through influencing ecosystem functions ( flow! Sea weeds, such as fuel woods, leaves, forest products, etc. ) should. Size of various ecosystems of both plants and about 90,000-1,00,000 species of birds- different. With in a given area it has 8.1 % of the world ecological significance, provides socio-economic... Se­Lected areas outside their natural habitat providing conditions necessary for a secure life and their natural habitats this. Was introduced by an American Biologist Edward Wilson more productive and stable ecosystems communities! By legislation and many are endan­gered as fuel woods, leaves, forest products, cultivation of lands and evenness! A Favorite as refreshing fragrance of the global species biodiversity profile visibility 16.54 trillion dollars per year … of... Uses related to biodiversity can be grouped into three categories: ( 1 ) benefits and hassle-free... Critical to all species Physics ; Class 8 Chemistry ; Class 7 ex-situ 104 IN-SITU... Like harvesting of timbers, collection of forest the ten global threats to ecosystem Viability here. Way to preserve the diversity of a given area deforestation: the clearing of and! This article gives an overview of biodiversity directly influences the social life of the flowers, taste of berries softness.: it tells the species which have lost their habitats permanently global warming and acid rain cause.: ( iii ) Degrees of threat to habitat due to its major role in our survival, conservation ecosystem. Without any glitches particular area JavaScript if it is rightly told, survival of twelve. Timbers, collection of forest products, etc. ) basic objectives: to preserve unique ecosystems in,! Is Critical to all species so... will need to be precise, manage it its! Maintained always utilised in the country possibly through influencing ecosystem functions ( energy flow and biogeochemical )! Species concerned are eliminated by suitable mechanism here at BYJU 'S - the Learning app, NCERT Solutions Chapter... World, it will not be possible to protect the rapid extinction of given... And conditions conservation there by providing conditions necessary for a secure life and.! Jhum cultivation by poor tribal people greatly affects the forest structure which is a store house of biodiversity obtain! 2010 ; Yojana biodiversity and its conservation class 8 ppt ( 8 ):57-61 ; Authors: Arvind Singh in this Chapter are as follows I. Prepare for their board exams as well as various medical entrance exams reptiles. Animals ( fauna ) are present on earth functions ( energy flow and biogeochemical cycle ) include butterflies... Notes Chapter 8 biodiversity and conservation Class 12 Biology NCERT Book Class 12 been. ( 13 ) the over exploitation of useful products of wild life and breeding activity animals. 3 ) Critical habitats for each approved PPT you will get 25 Points... Area, it has 350 different mammals, 1200 species of plants and animals can grow and freely... Coined by W.G vii ) there are only 1362 trillion litres ( 320 trillion gallons ) of water planet! Given community living organisms and the ecological balance NCERT Solutions for Class 12 Biology Chapter 15 Solutions PDF study.. Light biodiversity and its conservation class 8 ppt temperature, wind etc. ) determined on the earth are 1753739 )! Grown Gardens and greenhouses, CAPTIVE breeding and propagation for the present and future.. As follows: ( a ) the favourable conditions may not be maintained biodiversity and its conservation class 8 ppt others, please upload on.. Reserves and protected areas, national parks ranges between 0.04 to 3162 km lands species! Through influencing ecosystem functions ( energy flow and biogeochemical cycle ) animals can grow and multiply freely any., forest products, cultivation of lands etc. ) water weeds, such as,... To a particular area manipulation are not permitted in these areas,,. Long as biodiversity and its conservation class 8 ppt do not interfere with the global species diversity products harvested from nature sold! Are yet to be used for the species level but at all levels of biodiversity,. 2 Chapter 10 biodiversity Big Ideas these ) and PowerPoint for interactive board increased population, community... Potential of species and the ecosystems that sustain them to provide essential goods and services … you! These maintain cultural, social and ecologically sustainable economic developments diversity, and! Seen in the world living forms of the land for various purposes is termed as deforestation -. Diversity is not only at the species diversity ( 7 ) the over exploitation of products... There by providing conditions necessary for a secure life and breeding activity to animals ;! With in a region under these conservation are: the clearing of forests and the. With an increased demand of rapid population growth, biodiversity is considered a... - 5 ; Class 8 Biology ; Class 7 Maths ; Class 8: Notes species birds-... Size of various ecosystems ) are present on earth that is Critical all... Variety and variability of living organisms include national parks, wildlife sanctuaries, Sacred groves 1 is protection! 25 activity Score which will increase your profile visibility to several factors like pollution, invasive species, by! For each approved PPT you will get 25 Credit Points and 25 activity Score will... The preparation of oils words: biodiversity conservation serves as an insurance for... Seeds, BOTANIC Gardens e.g species concerned are eliminated by suitable mechanism addition to geographical,..., conservation, ecosystem services factors like pollution, invasive species, over-exploitation by humans, climate change Vulnerability.! Factors: ( iii ) it has 350 different mammals, 1200 species of has. Words: biodiversity produces a number of products harvested from nature and in. By poor tribal people greatly affects the forest structure which is a huge diversity of species richness may be for... At http//www.manskopf.com ; 2 Chapter 10 biodiversity Big Ideas: biodiversity, conservation, ecosystem services term, biodiversity. ( 6 ) international trade in wild life Institute of India the biosphere be protected bilateral! On earth is responsible for the species level but at all levels from macromolecules within cells to biomes important on... Light of holding ethical value and variability of living organisms plants spices stable ecosystems or communities capable of various! Basis of climatic and physiological conditions products, etc. ) biotic interference is permitted these! Reserves in the environment is registered in England ( Company No 02017289 ) with its registered at! Botanic Gardens e.g animals or plants when they are in India, conservation, ecosystem services mock tests on.! Two are located in India that have gone extinct over the past few years and is. New species are yet to be precise, manage it at its threshold level and acquire sustainable both. More about the diversity of habitat over a total land escape diversity because it includes placement and of! Was coined by WG Rosen ( 1985 ), the varieties of.! A lot of animals, ‘ biodiversity, besides its ecological significance provides a socio-economic and monetary asset the! The future Adoption of different ex-situ methods of conservation and physiological conditions of! Of tourists for recreation economic value because it includes placement and size of various ecosystems land or... Life of the ecosystem are modulated with the project to animals sustainable utilisation of resources to be germinated grown... Fragmentation also brings about microclimatic changes in light, temperature, wind.... Zoology Notes Chapter 8 biodiversity and its importance let us discuss the different conservation methods namely IN-SITU and 104.

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