> Martin Luther King, Jr. >> "Beyond Vietnam" - April 4, 1967 Search Tips Full-Text and Audio Excerpts of Martin Luther King's speech "Beyond Vietnam" April 4, 1967 - Riverside Church, NYC, available on this site. The Uncompromising Anti-Capitalism of Martin Luther King Jr. "Why Martin Luther King Didn't Run for President", "The Story Of King's 'Beyond Vietnam' Speech", "Dragons, legos, and solitary: Ai Weiwei's transformative Alcatraz exhibition", Full transcript of the speech from Commondreams.org. [1][5], King was long opposed to American involvement in the Vietnam War, but at first avoided the topic in public speeches in order to avoid the interference with civil rights goals that criticism of President Johnson's policies might have created. With this powerful commitment we shall boldly challenge the status quo and unjust mores, and thereby speed the day when “every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low [Audience:] (Yes); the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain.”. Could we blame them for such thoughts? Indeed, their questions suggest that they do not know the world in which they live. What must they be thinking when they know that we are aware of their control of major sections of Vietnam, and yet we appear ready to allow national elections in which this highly organized political parallel government will not have a part? Some civil rights leaders urged King not to speak out on the Vietnam War, but he said he could not separate issues of economic injustice, racism, war, and militarism. I speak for the poor in America who are paying the double price of smashed hopes at home, and dealt death and corruption in Vietnam. But they asked, and rightly so, “What about Vietnam?” They asked if our own nation wasn’t using massive doses of violence to solve its problems, to bring about the changes it wanted. Why are you joining the voices of dissent?” “Peace and civil rights don’t mix,” they say. Now they languish under our bombs and consider us, not their fellow Vietnamese, the real enemy. . A Call to Conscience: The Landmark Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. What do they think as we test out our latest weapons on them, just as the Germans tested out new medicine and new tortures in the concentration camps of Europe? Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence Rev. Moreover, when the issues at hand seem as perplexing as they often do in the case of this dreadful conflict, we are always on the verge of being mesmerized by uncertainty. We have destroyed their land and their crops. We must speak with all the humility that is appropriate to our limited vision, but we must speak. Where are the roots of the independent Vietnam we claim to be building? What then can I say to the Vietcong or to Castro or to Mao as a faithful minister of this one? It is curious that the Americans, who calculate so carefully on the possibilities of military victory, do not realize that in the process they are incurring deep psychological and political defeat. We have cooperated in the crushing of the nation’s only noncommunist revolutionary political force, the unified Buddhist Church. But even if it were not present, I would yet have to live with the meaning of my commitment to the ministry of Jesus Christ. Our only hope today lies in our ability to recapture the revolutionary spirit and go out into a sometimes hostile world declaring eternal hostility to poverty, racism, and militarism. This need to maintain social stability for our investments accounts for the counterrevolutionary action of American forces in Guatemala. How can they believe in our integrity when now we speak of “aggression from the North” as if there was nothing more essential to the war? Procrastination is still the thief of time. When Diem was overthrown they may have been happy, but the long line of military dictators seemed to offer no real change, especially in terms of their need for land and peace. On the one hand we are called to play the Good Samaritan on life’s roadside, but that will be only an initial act. The truth of these words is beyond doubt, but the mission to which they call us is a most difficult one. America, the richest and most powerful nation in the world, can well lead the way in this revolution of values. They move sadly and apathetically as we herd them off the land of their fathers into concentration camps where minimal social needs are rarely met. Every man of humane convictions must decide on the protest that best suits his convictions, but we must all protest. Rhetorical Devices In Beyond Vietnam Speech 736 Words3 Pages All they wanted was “to save the soul of America” (King, Beyond, 42). We will be marching for these and a dozen other names and attending rallies without end unless there is a significant and profound change in American life and policy. We must find new ways to speak for peace in Vietnam and justice throughout the developing world, a world that borders on our doors. There were experiments, hopes, new beginnings. And as I ponder the madness of Vietnam and search within myself for ways to understand and respond in compassion, my mind goes constantly to the people of that peninsula. Their questions are frighteningly relevant. They will be concerned about Thailand and Cambodia. What must they think of the United States of America when they realize that we permitted the repression and cruelty of Diem, which helped to bring them into being as a resistance group in the South? 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beyond vietnam speech

Estate of Martin Luther King, Jr., Inc. v. CBS, Inc. Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial, San Francisco. For the sake of those boys, for the sake of this government, for the sake of the hundreds of thousands trembling under our violence, I cannot be silent. Our government felt then that the Vietnamese people were not ready for independence, and we again fell victim to the deadly Western arrogance that has poisoned the international atmosphere for so long. I come to this magnificent house of worship tonight because my conscience leaves me no other choice. complaining of what he described as a double standard that applauded his nonviolence at home, but deplored it when applied "toward little brown Vietnamese children. So they go, primarily women and children and the aged. It was they who led a second struggle against French domination at tremendous costs, and then were persuaded to give up the land they controlled between the thirteenth and seventeenth parallel as a temporary measure at Geneva. We can no longer afford to worship the god of hate or bow before the altar of retaliation. This I believe to be the privilege and the burden of all of us who deem ourselves bound by allegiances and loyalties which are broader and deeper than nationalism and which go beyond our nation’s self-defined goals and positions. For from his view we may indeed see the basic weaknesses of our own condition, and if we are mature, we may learn and grow and profit from the wisdom of the brothers who are called the opposition. Now there is something seductively tempting about stopping there and sending us all off on what in some circles has become a popular crusade against the war in Vietnam. [19] They remind us that they did not begin to send troops in large numbers and even supplies into the South until American forces had moved into the tens of thousands. To me, the relationship of this ministry to the making of peace is so obvious that I sometimes marvel at those who ask me why I am speaking against the war. In the North, where our bombs now pummel the land, and our mines endanger the waterways, we are met by a deep but understandable mistrust. That speech, entitled Beyond Vietnam: A … Here is the true meaning and value of compassion and nonviolence, when it helps us to see the enemy’s point of view, to hear his questions, to know his assessment of ourselves. What do the peasants think as we ally ourselves with the landlords and as we refuse to put any action into our many words concerning land reform? "[8] He connected the war with economic injustice, arguing that the country needed serious moral change: A true revolution of values will soon look uneasily on the glaring contrast of poverty and wealth. For nine years following 1945 we denied the people of Vietnam the right of independence. A true revolution of values will soon look uneasily on the glaring contrast of poverty and wealth. To speak for them is to explain this lack of confidence in Western worlds, and especially their distrust of American intentions now. Will our message be that the forces of American life militate against their arrival as full men, and we send our deepest regrets? The recent statements of your executive committee are the sentiments of my own heart, and I found myself in full accord when I read its opening lines: “A time comes when silence is betrayal.” That time has come for us in relation to Vietnam. Nor does the human spirit move without great difficulty against all the apathy of conformist thought within one’s own bosom and in the surrounding world. Over the last eight years, I have had the privilege of preaching here almost every year in that period, and it’s always a rich and rewarding experience to come to this great church and this great pulpit. The speech began conventionally. King’s “Beyond Vietnam” speech was delivered at the Riverside Church in New York exactly one year before his assassination. Martin Luther King Jr is an African American preacher and civil rights activist that along with every other African American male and female in 1976 was waging a war in America for their not-so-natural born rights. [sustained applause]. The peasants watched as all of this was presided over by United States influence and then by increasing numbers of United States troops who came to help quell the insurgency that Diem’s methods had aroused. Jamie Mason Ms. Lowe English 1102 TR, 8:25 2 February 2013 A Time to do What is Right In Dr. Martin Luther King’s speech “Beyond Vietnam—A Time to Break Silence” (1967), Dr. King asserts that the war in Vietnam is totally immoral and has far reaching negative implications not only for Vietnam, but for The United States and the rest of the World as well. Have they forgotten that my ministry is in obedience to the one who loved his enemies so fully that he died for them? The peasants watched and cringed and Diem ruthlessly rooted out all opposition, supported their extortionist landlords, and refused even to discuss reunification with the North. That speech, entitled Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break The Silence, was an unequivocal denunciation of America’s involvement in that Southeast Asian conflict. This kind of positive revolution of values is our best defense against communism. "The press is being stacked against me", King said,[14] I join you in this meeting because I am in deepest agreement with the aims and work of the organization that brought us together, Clergy and Laymen Concerned About Vietnam. I think of them, too, because it is clear to me that there will be no meaningful solution there until some attempt is made to know them and hear their broken cries. These, too, are our brothers. But we must move on. Some of us who have already begun to break the silence of the night have found that the calling to speak is often a vocation of agony, but we must speak. When machines and computers, profit motives and property rights, are considered more important than people, the giant triplets of racism, extreme materialism, and militarism are incapable of being conquered. With that tragic decision we rejected a revolutionary government seeking self-determination and a government that had been established not by China—for whom the Vietnamese have no great love—but by clearly indigenous forces that included some communists. It tells why American helicopters are being used against guerrillas in Cambodia and why American napalm and Green Beret forces have already been active against rebels in Peru. I have tried to offer them my deepest compassion while maintaining my conviction that social change comes most meaningfully through nonviolent action. In 1957, when a group of us formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, we chose as our motto: “To save the soul of America.” We were convinced that we could not limit our vision to certain rights for black people, but instead affirmed the conviction that America would never be free or saved from itself until the descendants of its slaves were loosed completely from the shackles they still wear. He summed up this aspect by saying, "A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death. Sermons and speeches of Martin Luther King Jr. "Vincent Harding dies at 82; historian wrote controversial King speech", "Vincent Harding, author of Martin Luther King Jr.'s antiwar speech, dies", "The Rev. The choice is ours, and though we might prefer it otherwise, we must choose in this crucial moment of human history. Mr. Chairman, ladies and gentlemen, I need not pause to say how very delighted I am to be here tonight, and how very delighted I am to see you expressing your concern about the issues that will be discussed tonight by turning out in such large numbers. So we watch them in brutal solidarity burning the huts of a poor village, but we realize that they would hardly live on the same block in Chicago. We have corrupted their women and children and killed their men. This has driven many to feel that only Marxism has a revolutionary spirit. "[25] King condemned America's "alliance with the landed gentry of Latin America", and said that the U.S. should support "the shirtless and barefoot people" in the Third World rather than suppressing their attempts at revolution. Five: Set a date that we will remove all foreign troops from Vietnam in accordance with the 1954 Geneva Agreement. [13] What of the National Liberation front, that strangely anonymous group we call “VC” or “communists”? Surely we must understand their feelings, even if we do not condone their actions. There is nothing except a tragic death wish to prevent us from reordering our priorities so that the pursuit of peace will take precedence over the pursuit of war. We have destroyed their two most cherished institutions: the family and the village. Before long they must know that their government has sent them into a struggle among Vietnamese, and the more sophisticated surely realize that we are on the side of the wealthy, and the secure, while we create a hell for the poor. It is also a much more dangerous and disturbing speech, which is … He held this speech in Manhattan's Riverside Church. The New York Times editorial suggested that conflating the civil rights movement with the anti-war movement was an oversimplification that did justice to neither, stating that "linking these hard, complex problems will lead not to solutions but to deeper confusion." But instead there came the United States, determined that Ho should not unify the temporarily divided nation, and the peasants watched again as we supported one of the most vicious modern dictators, our chosen man, Premier Diem. [20][21], In a 1952 letter to Coretta Scott, he said: "I imagine you already know that I am much more socialistic in my economic theory than capitalistic ..."[22] In one speech, he stated that "something is wrong with capitalism" and claimed, "There must be a better distribution of wealth, and maybe America must move toward a democratic socialism. Even when pressed by the demands of inner truth, men do not easily assume the task of opposing their government’s policy, especially in time of war. They know they must move on or be destroyed by our bombs. One of the eight "sound cells" in @Large, Ai Weiwei's 2014–15 exhibit at Alcatraz, features King's voice giving the "Beyond Vietnam" speech.[29]. All the while the people read our leaflets and received the regular promises of peace and democracy and land reform. I speak as a child of God and brother to the suffering poor of Vietnam. I speak as a citizen of the world, for the world as it stands aghast at the path we have taken. At the heart of their concerns, this query has often loomed large and loud: “Why are you speaking about the war, Dr. King? Therefore, communism is a judgment against our failure to make democracy real and follow through on the revolutions that we initiated. "[9] He stated that North Vietnam "did not begin to send in any large number of supplies or men until American forces had arrived in the tens of thousands", and accused the U.S. of having killed a million Vietnamese, "mostly children. Finally, as I try to explain for you and for myself the road that leads from Montgomery to this place, I would have offered all that was most valid if I simply said that I must be true to my conviction that I share with all men the calling to be a son of the living God. In fact, in the aftermath of the “Beyond Vietnam” speech, Dr. King was wildly unpopular. His speech "Beyond Vietnam" was condemned by many civil rights leaders who thought it hurt their cause. And of course it’s always good to come back to Riverside Church. So we have been repeatedly faced with the cruel irony of watching Negro and white boys on TV screens as they kill and die together for a nation that has been unable to seat them together in the same schools. Martin Luther King: “Beyond Vietnam” (1967) In April 1967 American civil rights leader Martin Luther King delivered his best known anti-war speech, dubbed ‘Beyond Vietnam’: “I ponder the madness of Vietnam and search within myself for ways to understand and respond in compassion, my mind goes constantly to the people of that peninsula. A true revolution of values will lay hand on the world order and say of war, “This way of settling differences is not just.” This business of burning human beings with napalm, of filling our nation’s homes with orphans and widows, of injecting poisonous drugs of hate into the veins of peoples normally humane, of sending men home from dark and bloody battlefields physically handicapped and psychologically deranged, cannot be reconciled with wisdom, justice, and love. A nation that continues year after year to spend more money on military defense than on programs of social uplift is approaching spiritual death. They will be concerned about Guatemala and Peru. In Hanoi are the men who led this nation to independence against the Japanese and the French, the men who sought membership in the French Commonwealth and were betrayed by the weakness of Paris and the willfulness of the colonial armies. Their questions hit home, and I knew that I could never again raise my voice against the violence of the oppressed in the ghettos without having first spoken clearly to the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today: my own government. The major speech at Riverside Church in New York City, followed several interviews[2] and several other public speeches in which King came out against the Vietnam War and the policies that created it. Perhaps a more difficult but no less necessary task is to speak for those who have been designated as our enemies. “Aren’t you hurting the cause of your people?” they ask. [27], In 2010, PBS commentator Tavis Smiley said that the speech was the most controversial speech of King's career, and the one he "labored over the most".[28]. Perhaps a more tragic recognition of reality took place when it became clear to me that the war was doing far more than devastating the hopes of the poor at home. During the past ten years we have seen emerge a pattern of suppression which has now justified the presence of U.S. military advisors in Venezuela. [11], King's opposition cost him significant support among white allies, including President Johnson, Billy Graham,[12] union leaders and powerful publishers. We are adding cynicism to the process of death, for they must know after a short period there that none of the things we claim to be fighting for are really involved. Let us not join those who shout war and, through their misguided passions, urge the United States to relinquish its participation in the United Nations. King spoke strongly against the U.S.'s role in the war, arguing that the U.S. was in Vietnam "to occupy it as an American colony" and calling the U.S. government "the greatest purveyor of violence in the world today. It was his first major public antiwar speech and a powerful warning that a rise in racial hatred, militarism and … But the man who spoke at Riverside Church that day was not universally admired. Some, like civil rights leader Ralph Bunche, the NAACP, and the editorial page writers of The Washington Post[3] and The New York Times[4] called the Riverside Church speech a mistake on King's part. (Yes) And every one that loveth is born of God and knoweth God. We are called to speak for the weak, for the voiceless, for the victims of our nation, for those it calls “enemy,” for no document from human hands can make these humans any less our brothers. We must rapidly begin [applause], we must rapidly begin the shift from a thing-oriented society to a person-oriented society. [sustained applause]. James L. Bevel dies at 72; civil rights activist and top lieutenant to King", "Martin Luther King Jr. made our nation uncomfortable", "Martin Luther King Jr. as Democratic Socialist.". I come to this platform tonight to make a passionate plea to my beloved nation. Over the bleached bones and jumbled residues of numerous civilizations are written the pathetic words, “Too late.” There is an invisible book of life that faithfully records our vigilance or our neglect. "[10], King also criticized American opposition to North Vietnam's land reforms. On April 4, 1967, exactly one year before his assassination, Dr. Martin Luther King gave his first major public address on the War in Vietnam at a meeting of Clergy and Laity Concerned at Riverside Church in New York City. It incensed President Lyndon Johnson, who revoked King's invitation to the White House. Or will there be another message—of longing, of hope, of solidarity with their yearnings, of commitment to their cause, whatever the cost? These are revolutionary times. Now let us rededicate ourselves to the long and bitter, but beautiful, struggle for a new world. Martin Luther King brings the Vietnam War in relation to the Poverty Program of the government. Soon the only solid physical foundations remaining will be found at our military bases and in the concrete of the concentration camps we call “fortified hamlets.” The peasants may well wonder if we plan to build our new Vietnam on such grounds as these. Beyond the calling of race or nation or creed is this vocation of sonship and brotherhood. I am speaking of that force which all of the great religions have seen as the supreme unifying principle of life. And when I hear them, though I often understand the source of their concern, I am nevertheless greatly saddened, for such questions mean that the inquirers have not really known me, my commitment, or my calling. Exactly one year later, King was assassinated in Memphis. "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence", also referred as the Riverside Church speech,[1] is an anti–Vietnam War and pro–social justice speech delivered by Martin Luther King Jr. on April 4, 1967, exactly one year before he was assassinated. After 1954 they watched us conspire with Diem to prevent elections which could have surely brought Ho Chi Minh to power over a unified Vietnam, and they realized they had been betrayed again. They see the children degraded by our soldiers as they beg for food. A genuine revolution of values means in the final analysis that our loyalties must become ecumenical rather than sectional. For it occurs to me that what we are submitting them to in Vietnam is not simply the brutalizing process that goes on in any war where armies face each other and seek to destroy. Then we must make what reparations we can for the damage we have done. Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Beyond Vietnam" was a powerful and angry speech that raged against the war. It was sending their sons and their brothers and their husbands to fight and to die in extraordinarily high proportions relative to the rest of the population. At this point I should make it clear that while I have tried to give a voice to the voiceless in Vietnam and to understand the arguments of those who are called “enemy,” I am as deeply concerned about our own troops there as anything else. At the time, civil rights leaders publicly condemned him for it. The march was organized by the Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam and initiated by its chairman, James Bevel. * And I cannot forget that the Nobel Peace Prize was also a commission, a commission to work harder than I had ever worked before for the brotherhood of man. By Benay Blend. The United States Congress was spending more and more on the military and less and less on anti-poverty programs at the same time. He guarded his language in public to avoid being linked to communism by his enemies, but in private he sometimes spoke of his support for democratic socialism. The Reverend Martin Luther King, Jr., head of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, delivers a speech entitled “Beyond Vietnam” in … We must move past indecision to action. "[24], King also stated in "Beyond Vietnam" that "true compassion is more than flinging a coin to a beggar ... it comes to see that an edifice which produces beggars needs restructuring. We must be prepared to match actions with words by seeking out every creative method of protest possible. We encouraged them with our huge financial and military supplies to continue the war even after they had lost the will. Then came the buildup in Vietnam, and I watched this program broken and eviscerated as if it were some idle political plaything on a society gone mad on war. They watch as we poison their water, as we kill a million acres of their crops. They wander into the hospitals with at least twenty casualties from American firepower for one Vietcong-inflicted injury. This is the calling of the sons of God, and our brothers wait eagerly for our response. If America’s soul becomes totally poisoned, part of the autopsy must read “Vietnam.” It can never be saved so long as it destroys the deepest hopes of men the world over. Some, like civil rights leader Ralph Bunche, the NAACP, and … Ho Chi Minh has watched as America has spoken of peace and built up its forces, and now he has surely heard the increasing international rumors of American plans for an invasion of the north. Exactly one year before his assassination, on April 4, 1967, Rev. Perhaps only his sense of humor and of irony can save him when he hears the most powerful nation of the world speaking of aggression as it drops thousands of bombs on a poor, weak nation more than eight hundred, or rather, eight thousand miles away from its shores. Protest on the Homefront >> Martin Luther King, Jr. >> "Beyond Vietnam" - April 4, 1967 Search Tips Full-Text and Audio Excerpts of Martin Luther King's speech "Beyond Vietnam" April 4, 1967 - Riverside Church, NYC, available on this site. The Uncompromising Anti-Capitalism of Martin Luther King Jr. "Why Martin Luther King Didn't Run for President", "The Story Of King's 'Beyond Vietnam' Speech", "Dragons, legos, and solitary: Ai Weiwei's transformative Alcatraz exhibition", Full transcript of the speech from Commondreams.org. [1][5], King was long opposed to American involvement in the Vietnam War, but at first avoided the topic in public speeches in order to avoid the interference with civil rights goals that criticism of President Johnson's policies might have created. With this powerful commitment we shall boldly challenge the status quo and unjust mores, and thereby speed the day when “every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low [Audience:] (Yes); the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain.”. Could we blame them for such thoughts? Indeed, their questions suggest that they do not know the world in which they live. What must they be thinking when they know that we are aware of their control of major sections of Vietnam, and yet we appear ready to allow national elections in which this highly organized political parallel government will not have a part? Some civil rights leaders urged King not to speak out on the Vietnam War, but he said he could not separate issues of economic injustice, racism, war, and militarism. I speak for the poor in America who are paying the double price of smashed hopes at home, and dealt death and corruption in Vietnam. But they asked, and rightly so, “What about Vietnam?” They asked if our own nation wasn’t using massive doses of violence to solve its problems, to bring about the changes it wanted. Why are you joining the voices of dissent?” “Peace and civil rights don’t mix,” they say. Now they languish under our bombs and consider us, not their fellow Vietnamese, the real enemy. . A Call to Conscience: The Landmark Speeches of Martin Luther King, Jr. What do they think as we test out our latest weapons on them, just as the Germans tested out new medicine and new tortures in the concentration camps of Europe? Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence Rev. Moreover, when the issues at hand seem as perplexing as they often do in the case of this dreadful conflict, we are always on the verge of being mesmerized by uncertainty. We have destroyed their land and their crops. We must speak with all the humility that is appropriate to our limited vision, but we must speak. Where are the roots of the independent Vietnam we claim to be building? What then can I say to the Vietcong or to Castro or to Mao as a faithful minister of this one? It is curious that the Americans, who calculate so carefully on the possibilities of military victory, do not realize that in the process they are incurring deep psychological and political defeat. We have cooperated in the crushing of the nation’s only noncommunist revolutionary political force, the unified Buddhist Church. But even if it were not present, I would yet have to live with the meaning of my commitment to the ministry of Jesus Christ. Our only hope today lies in our ability to recapture the revolutionary spirit and go out into a sometimes hostile world declaring eternal hostility to poverty, racism, and militarism. This need to maintain social stability for our investments accounts for the counterrevolutionary action of American forces in Guatemala. How can they believe in our integrity when now we speak of “aggression from the North” as if there was nothing more essential to the war? Procrastination is still the thief of time. When Diem was overthrown they may have been happy, but the long line of military dictators seemed to offer no real change, especially in terms of their need for land and peace. On the one hand we are called to play the Good Samaritan on life’s roadside, but that will be only an initial act. The truth of these words is beyond doubt, but the mission to which they call us is a most difficult one. America, the richest and most powerful nation in the world, can well lead the way in this revolution of values. They move sadly and apathetically as we herd them off the land of their fathers into concentration camps where minimal social needs are rarely met. Every man of humane convictions must decide on the protest that best suits his convictions, but we must all protest. Rhetorical Devices In Beyond Vietnam Speech 736 Words3 Pages All they wanted was “to save the soul of America” (King, Beyond, 42). We will be marching for these and a dozen other names and attending rallies without end unless there is a significant and profound change in American life and policy. We must find new ways to speak for peace in Vietnam and justice throughout the developing world, a world that borders on our doors. There were experiments, hopes, new beginnings. And as I ponder the madness of Vietnam and search within myself for ways to understand and respond in compassion, my mind goes constantly to the people of that peninsula. Their questions are frighteningly relevant. They will be concerned about Thailand and Cambodia. What must they think of the United States of America when they realize that we permitted the repression and cruelty of Diem, which helped to bring them into being as a resistance group in the South? There are people who have come to see the moral imperative of equality, but who cannot yet see the moral imperative of world brotherhood. King had read Marx while at Morehouse, but while he rejected "traditional capitalism", he also rejected communism because of its "materialistic interpretation of history" that denied religion, its "ethical relativism", and its "political totalitarianism. A combined French and Japanese occupation and before the end of the land are rising as. Of them, mostly children of now action of American forces in Guatemala hospitals! Can not raise arrival as full men, and though we might prefer it beyond vietnam speech we! Military supplies to continue the war in Vietnam are made turbulent by ever-rising. Be in both the civil-rights movement imbued into the peace movement to instill it with greater strength of your?! To ultimate reality are necessary, his speech “ Beyond Vietnam — time! Line if our nation persists in its perverse ways in Vietnam, ” most. 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