papua new guinea current issues
Ecosystems - ecological units comprised of complex communities of organisms and their specific environments. What started with the shock defection of dozens of Government ministers and MPs to the Opposition, is now going to the country's Supreme Court. The largest nation in the Pacific, PNG is classified as a low middle-income country. Papua New Guinea By Stephen Nicholls IWP-Pacific Technical Report (International Waters Project) no. Inuit Circumpolar Conference (ICC) - represents the roughly 150,000 Inuits of Alaska, Canada, Greenland, and Russia in international environmental issues; a General Assembly convenes every three years to determine the focus of the ICC; the most current concerns are long-range transport of pollutants, sustainable development, and climate change. Nearly all were forcibly transferred to PNG by Australia in 2013. Carbon cycle - the term used to describe the exchange of carbon (in various forms, e.g., as carbon dioxide) between the atmosphere, ocean, terrestrial biosphere, and geological deposits. Economic performance has increased, with significant gains in GDP over recent years. CDC supports strengthening the capacity of Papua New Guinea’s public health workforce through the establishment of a Field Epidemiology Training program. The PNG government failed to address abuses by security forces. Papua New Guinea’s future on current trends. Abandoned Rio Tinto Mine Is Blamed for Poisoned Bougainville Rivers Residents of the Papua New Guinea region have accused the mining giant of environmental and human rights violations … Current Account in Papua New Guinea averaged 990.20 PGK Million from 1997 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 5111 PGK Million in the fourth quarter of 2018 and a record low of -2266 PGK Million in the fourth quarter of 2013. LEST WE FORGET: List of failed projects by the PNG Government ... Special Purpose Agriculture & Business Leases in Papua New Guinea. All colouration of the individual denominations are the same as current and former Australian decimal currency. Rapid review of maternal health recommendations related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Treatment of flow-thru business entities. Despite the existence of a national disability policy, people with disabilities are often unable to participate in community life, go to school, or work because of lack of accessibility, stigma, and other barriers. Groundwater - water sources found below the surface of the earth often in naturally occurring reservoirs in permeable rock strata; the source for wells and natural springs. As of 1999, the number of people living with HIV/AIDS was estimated at 5,400 and deaths from AIDS that year were estimated at 450. Waterborne diseases - those in which bacteria survive in, and are transmitted through, water; always a serious threat in areas with an untreated water supply. Smith Alvin November 8, 2016 0 Comments . 6.0 Future Options to more effectively address Papua New Guinea’s Principal Environmental Concerns 6.1 Overview 77 6.2 Increasing Land Degradation 79 6.3 Increasing Risk from Hazardous Materials and Wastes 80 6.4 Declining Water Quality in Rivers and Coastal Waters 82 6.5 Disturbed or Unpredictable Hydrological Regimes 83 The complaint by 156 residents was lodged with the Australian Government in September by Australia’s Human Rights Law Centre and subsequently accepted in November, paving the way for a non-judicial mediation process. Papua New Guinea’s top two bankers – Loi Bakani, Governor of the Bank of Papua New Guinea and Robin Fleming, Chief Executive of Bank South Pacific – have set the record straight on the country's foreign exchange challenges. Banknote World offers Palau New Guinea currency for sale to collectors looking for a piece of Palau New Guinea. Explore Lae's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. China is set to overtake Australia as the largest donor to PNG, though most assistance is in the form of infrastructure loans rather than aid. These nine facts about water quality in New Guinea reveal a serious issue that extends beyond just access to water. More than 200 children in Papua New Guinea die of diarrhea each year due to lack of sanitation and … More information about Papua New Guinea is available from the Department of State and other sources, some of which are listed here: CIA World Factbook Papua New Guinea Page U.S. Embassy USAID Pacific Islands Page Current local time in Papua New Guinea – Lae. Beginning in 1991, Papua New Guinea's banknotes have been produced on polymer, although in 2009 the bank issued Kina & Toea Day commemorative notes on paper substrates. In Papua New Guinea, gender inequality is a major social, economic and political issue and remains prevalent in both urban and rural societies. Australasia. Cases involving it and the government regulator outnumber cases with all other telecommunications companies in Papua New Guinea combined. Papua New Guinea launched the National Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WaSH) policy in 2015. All colouration of the individual denominations are the same as current and former Australian decimal currency. DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloro-ethane) - a colorless, odorless insecticide that has toxic effects on most animals; the use of DDT was banned in the US in 1972. Click here for collectible banknotes! Papua New Guinea successfully hosted APEC in 2018, culminating in a Leaders’ Summit in November 2018 attended by Vice President Pence. Asbestos - a naturally occurring soft fibrous mineral commonly used in fireproofing materials and considered to be highly carcinogenic in particulate form. In August, a video showing two PNG police officers brutally assaulting a teenage boy in West New Britain was widely circulated on social media. 1. In small groups, students are invited to work for a non-government organisation, conduct research and submit a proposal addressing health issues in Papua New Guinea. Non-residents are generally taxed only on their PNG-sourced income. Police and prosecutors rarely pursued investigations or criminal charges against people who commit family violence—even in cases of attempted murder, serious injury, or repeated rape—and instead prefer to resolve such cases through mediation and/or payment of compensation. The two officers have reportedly been suspended and charged under the Criminal Code Act, but neither had been prosecuted at time of writing. Transparency International’s 2015 Corruption Perceptions Index ranks Papua New Guinea 139th in a li… National Issues & Scandals. In July, prison officers shot and killed four men who escaped from Buimo prison in Lae. Two men – Michale Somare and Peter O'Neill – are currently claiming to be the rightful prime minister of the nation. As a result, the Papua New Guinea Defence Force (PNGDF) has set up patrols along PNG's western border to prevent infiltration by the OPM. PNG is known as "the Land of the Unexpected" and there could be many more twists ahead as the turmoil plays out. Poaching - the illegal killing of animals or fish, a great concern with respect to endangered or threatened species. Papua New Guinea Individual - Other issues Last reviewed - 04 January 2021. US resettlement from Manus remains slow, with 163 resettled as of October. In May, in the Southern Highlands, one woman was killed and another two seriously injured after a mob attacked the women following accusations they had used sorcery to kill a man. Health Alert – U. S. Embassy Port Moresby – July 13, 2018 Location: Papua New Guinea On July 12, the Center for Disease Control (CDC) released a Level 2 Travel Warning for Papua New Guinea (PNG) regarding the recent outbreak of Polio in the Morobe Province. PNG continued to impose the death penalty, although authorities have not carried out any executions since 1954. NFA Challenges and Issues Regional purse seine tuna vessel over-capacity and availability of vessel licenses The regional tuna fishery produces nearly half the world's tuna, now has more vessels available to operate than required to harvest the estimated sustainable catch. Despite Papua New Guinea’s (PNG) current extractives-led economic boom, an estimated 40 percent of the country lives in poverty. The summit ended in disarray when Chinese officials physically forced their way into the office of the PNG foreign minister and refused to sign the final joint statement. Barrick looking to reopen Porgera gold mine in Papua New Guinea. This program trains field epidemiologists—or disease detectives—to identify and contain outbreaks before they become epidemics. In most countries this wouldn’t be an issue. Defoliants - chemicals which cause plants to lose their leaves artificially; often used in agricultural practices for weed control, and may have detrimental impacts on human and ecosystem health. Slash-and-burn agriculture - a rotating cultivation technique in which trees are cut down and burned in order to clear land for temporary agriculture; the land is used until its productivity declines at which point a new plot is selected and the process repeats; this practice is sustainable while population levels are low and time is permitted for regrowth of natural vegetation; conversely, where these conditions do not exist, the practice can have disastrous consequences for the environment. In November, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison and PNG Prime Minister Peter O’Neill signed a joint defense agreement to deepen relations and security cooperation, partly to curb China’s growing influence in the Pacific.